Fecal calprotectin concentration to assess endoscopic and histologic remission in patients with cancer with immune-mediated diarrhea and colitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Immune-mediated diarrhea and colitis (IMDC) is currently diagnosed and monitored by evaluating clinical symptoms. Deep remission is determined by endoscopic and histologic evaluation of the disease process. However, repeating these invasive procedures frequently can become cumbersome. We sought to assess the role of fecal calprotectin (FC) concentration as a non-invasive biomarker of endoscopic or histologic remission. Methods We performed a retrospective study of patients with IMDC who were tested for FC at IMDC onset and after IMDC treatment between June 2016 and March 2020. Patient demographics, clinical variables, and FC data were collected and analyzed to determine the optimal cut-off FC concentration to predict endoscopic and histologic remission. Results Our sample comprised 77 patients with a median age of 62 years; 66% were male and 94% were Caucasian. Sixty-five patients (84%) achieved clinical remission, 46 (60%) achieved endoscopic remission, and 24 (31%) achieved histologic remission after IMDC treatment. FC concentrations decreased from the time of IMDC onset to the end of treatment (p<0.001). High FC concentrations were associated with evident endoscopic inflammation (p=0.003) and acute/chronic active colitis (p=0.025) which positively correlated with the Mayo Endoscopic Subscore (r=0.615, p=0.001) at the time of IMDC onset. In patients who achieved endoscopic remission after treatment, a significantly lower FC concentration was observed at IMDC onset (p=0.006) and after treatment (p<0.001) compared with those without endoscopic remission. The cut-off FC concentration to predict endoscopic remission was ≤116 μg/g and for histologic remission ≤80 μg/g; these cut-offs had optimal specificity (94% and 85%, respectively) and positive predictive value (0.91 and 0.38, respectively). Conclusions FC concentration may serve as a non-invasive biomarker to predict endoscopic and histologic remission in patients receiving treatment for IMDC, minimizing the need for frequent invasive endoscopies. Future prospective studies are needed to provide further insight on the role of this marker in disease surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number002058
JournalJournal for immunotherapy of cancer
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2021

Keywords

  • immunotherapy
  • inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

MD Anderson CCSG core facilities

  • Biostatics Resource Group

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fecal calprotectin concentration to assess endoscopic and histologic remission in patients with cancer with immune-mediated diarrhea and colitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this