Frequent mutation of rs13281615 and its association with PVT1 expression and cell proliferation in breast cancer

Zhiqian Zhang, Zhengmao Zhu, Baotong Zhang, Weidong Li, Xin Li, Xiao Wu, Lijuan Wang, Liya Fu, Li Fu, Jin Tang Dong

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    Abstract

    The q24 band of chromosome 8 (8q24) is frequently amplified in human cancers including breast cancer, and several SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) at 8q24, including rs13281615, have been identified for their association with cancer risks. These SNPs are in a "gene desert" region, and their functions in cancer development remain to be illustrated, although several of the SNPs appear to influence the genes in the "desert" in a long-range manner, including the v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (MYC) and the non-protein coding plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1), both of which have been implicated in human cancers. In the current study, we examined rs13281615 for its potential role in breast cancer using normal and cancer tissues from 121 Chinese women with breast cancer. In addition to confirming the association of the GG genotype of rs13281615 with breast cancer risk, we found that germline GG genotype was significantly associated with estrogen receptor (ER) positivity, higher tumor grade and higher proliferation index. We also found frequent somatic mutations (22/121 or 18.2%) of this SNP in breast cancer. Interestingly, the majority of the mutations (17/22 or 77%) involved a G→A change, resulting in a decrease in the number of cancers with the GG risk genotype and subsequent loss of GG association with higher tumor grade and proliferation index in cancers. Furthermore, PVT1 expression was increased in cancers, and the increase was associated with the GG genotype of rs13281615. These results suggest that the GG genotype of SNP rs13281615 plays a role in breast cancer likely by influencing PVT1 expression, and that during oncogenesis, "protective" mutations could occur.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)187-195
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Genetics and Genomics
    Volume41
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 20 2014

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    Keywords

    • Breast cancer
    • ER
    • MYC
    • MiRNA
    • Mutation
    • PVT1
    • Rs13281615
    • SNP

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics

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