Functional analysis of swallowing outcomes after supracricoid partial laryngectomy

Jan S. Lewin, Katherine A. Hutcheson, Denise A. Barringer, Annette H. May, Dianna B. Roberts, F. Christopher Holsinger, Eduardo M. Diaz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. In this study, we analyzed swallowing recovery after supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL). Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 27 patients treated with SCPL (September 1997 to March 2005). We evaluated recovery course, nutritional outcomes, and swallowing using objective analysis. Modified barium swallow (MBS) study results identified swallowing physiology and therapeutic effectiveness. Results. Average length of hospitalization was 7.7 ± 9.2 days; time to decannulation was 5.3 ± 8.2 weeks. The most common complications included pneumonia and subcutaneous emphysema (26%). Twenty-two patients had MBS studies, in which initially, all patients aspirated due to neoglottic incompetency, and impaired base of tongue and laryngeal movements. Although aspiration rates did not change significantly over time, use of appropriately selected swallowing strategies effectively protected the airway (p = .0365). Ultimately, 81% of patients returned to complete oral intake with median tube removal at 9.4 weeks. Conclusion. SCPL produces severe dysphagia initially. Our findings suggest that objective swallowing assessment is important for return to oral nutrition after SCPL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-566
Number of pages8
JournalHead and Neck
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Fingerprint

Laryngectomy
Deglutition
Barium
Subcutaneous Emphysema
Deglutition Disorders
Tongue
Pneumonia
Hospitalization

Keywords

  • Aspiration
  • Function
  • Supracricoid laryngectomy
  • Swallowing
  • Swallowing outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Functional analysis of swallowing outcomes after supracricoid partial laryngectomy. / Lewin, Jan S.; Hutcheson, Katherine A.; Barringer, Denise A.; May, Annette H.; Roberts, Dianna B.; Holsinger, F. Christopher; Diaz, Eduardo M.

In: Head and Neck, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.05.2008, p. 559-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Lewin, Jan S. ; Hutcheson, Katherine A. ; Barringer, Denise A. ; May, Annette H. ; Roberts, Dianna B. ; Holsinger, F. Christopher ; Diaz, Eduardo M. / Functional analysis of swallowing outcomes after supracricoid partial laryngectomy. In: Head and Neck. 2008 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 559-566.
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