As photoacoustic (PA) imaging makes its way into the clinic, the accuracy of PA-based metrics becomes increasingly important. To address this need, a method combining finite-element-based local fluence correction (LFC) with signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) regularization was developed and validated to accurately estimate oxygen saturation (SO 2 ) in tissue. With data from a Vevo LAZR system, performance of our LFC approach was assessed in ex vivo blood targets (37.6%-99.6% SO 2 ) and in vivo rat arteries. Estimation error of absolute SO 2 and change in SO 2 reduced from 10.1% and 6.4%, respectively, without LFC to 2.8% and 2.0%, respectively, with LFC, while the accuracy of the LFC method was correlated with the number of wavelengths acquired. This paper demonstrates the need for an SNR-regularized LFC to accurately quantify SO 2 with PA imaging.
- Photoacoustic imaging
- finite element modeling
- image reconstruction methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering