Platelet activating factor-induced expression of p21 is correlated with histone acetylation

Elisabetta Damiani, Nahum Puebla-Osorio, Bree M. Lege, Jingwei Liu, Sattva S. Neelapu, Stephen E. Ullrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated keratinocytes secrete the lipid mediator of inflammation, platelet-Activating factor (PAF). PAF plays an essential role in UV-induced immune suppression and skin cancer induction. Dermal mast cell migration from the skin to the draining lymph nodes plays a prominent role in activating systemic immune suppression. UV-induced PAF activates mast cell migration by up-regulating mast cell CXCR4 surface expression. Recent findings indicate that PAF up-regulates CXCR4 expression via histone acetylation. UV-induced PAF also activates cell cycle arrest and disrupts DNA repair, in part by increasing p21 expression. Do epigenetic alterations play a role in p21 up-regulation? Here we show that PAF increases Acetyl-CREB-binding protein (CBP/p300) histone acetyltransferase expression in a time and dose-dependent fashion. Partial deletion of the HAT domain in the CBP gene, blocked these effects. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicated that PAF-Treatment activated the acetylation of the p21 promoter. PAF-Treatment had no effect on other acetylating enzymes (GCN5L2, PCAF) indicating it is not a global activator of histone acetylation. This study provides further evidence that PAF activates epigenetic mechanisms to affect important cellular processes, and we suggest this bioactive lipid can serve as a link between the environment and the epigenome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41959
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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