Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to affect men in the United States and the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-based positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become increasingly popular as a novel molecular imaging technique capable of improving the clinical management of patients with prostate cancer. To date, several 68Ga and 18F-labeled PSMA-targeted molecules have shown promising results in imaging patients with recurrent prostate cancer using PET/computed tomography (PET/CT). Studies of involving PSMA-targeted radiopharmaceuticals also suggest a higher sensitivity and specificity, along with an improved detection rate over conventional imaging (CT scan and methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy) and 11C/18F-choline PET/CT. In addition, PSMA-617 and PSMA I&T ligands can be labeled with α-and β-emitters (e.g., 225Ac, 90Y, and 177Lu) and serve as a theranostic tool for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. While the clinical impact of such concept remains to be verified, the preliminary results of PSMA molecular radiotherapy are very encouraging. Herein, we highlighted the current status of development and future perspectives of PSMA-targeted radiopharmaceuticals and their clinical applications.
- targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research