The mixed lipoxygenase/cyclooxygenase inhibitor sk&f 105809 reduces cerebral edema after closed head injury in rat

E. Shohami, L. Glantz, Joseph L Nates, G. Feuerstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Closed head injury in rats induces edema formation, which is indicated by a decrease in cerebral specific gravity and an increase in water content. We previously described the activation of the eicosanoid metabolic cascade, namely, activation of PLA2 and accumulation of products of both 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and cyclo-oxygenase (CO) in the same model of head injury. The present study was designed to determine the effect of a novel drug, SK&F 105809, a dual inhibitor of 5-LO and CO on cerebral edema formation after head injury in rats. Rats, under ether anesthesia, were subjected to sham operation or trauma induced by weight-drop device impacting over the left calvarium. One group of traumatized rats received 0.9% saline and served as control and two other groups were treated with SK&F 105809, 20 or 30 mg/kg, i.p. immediately after the impact. In one group treatment was repeated additionally 2.5 h post-trauma. Four hours after trauma, rats were sacrificed and brain edema was evaluated. SK&F 105809 treated rats which received 30 mg/kg had significantly less brain edema, as measured by both gravimetry and water content, at 4 h after trauma. The lower dose, 20 mg/kg, had no effect. Our results suggest that treatment with a mixed 5-LO/CO inhibitor shortly after head injury will result in less brain edema and ultimately improved functional outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • brain injury
  • edema SK&F 105809
  • eicosanoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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